Toxicological Research : eISSN 2234-2753 / pISSN 1976-8257

Fig. 3.

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Fig. 3. The effects of exposure to caffeine on the long bones of immature and young adult rats. (A) The length of the vertebral column was measured from the DXA image, as indicated in the right-hand panel. (B, C) Mean length (mm) and weight (g) of (D) femurs and (E) tibiae. Values are mean ± SD. CT, control; CF1, caffeine 120 mg/kg per day; CF2, caffeine 180mg/kg per day. ***p< 0.001 vs. CT; p< 0.05, ††p< 0.01, CF1 vs. CF2. Statistical analyses were performed by Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance for multiple group comparisons, and the Mann-Whitney U test for two-group comparisons.
Toxicological Research 2017;33:157~164
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